Drone operators and space scientists, genetic engineers, "smart road builders" and meteorologists - we could not even imagine such professions only 15 years ago. How do you navigate the rapidly changing world of professions and set your sights early on what will be promising in a few years?
Drone operators and space scientists, genetic engineers, smart road builders and meteorologists - we could not even imagine such professions just 15 years ago. How do you navigate the rapidly changing world of professions and set your sights in advance on what will be promising in a few years?
For each specialty will be different. But modern employers single out so-called supraprofessional skills - these will be useful in any industry and will make work more efficient:
- Systems thinking. The ability to perceive an element as part of a system, to see patterns and combine elements by features, to separate the main from the private. Skills in identifying and working with complex systems. Interdisciplinary communication skills. Understanding of technologies and processes in allied and unrelated industries, knowledge of market peculiarities for different spheres.
- Management Skills. Ability to manage processes and projects, knowledge of planning principles.
- Programming. Creation of IT solutions, management of automated complexes, work with artificial intelligence.
- Client-oriented. Understanding customer needs, ability to work with requests and find the right solutions.
- Multiculturalism and multilingualism. Fluent English, knowledge of another foreign language, understanding of the cultural context and national peculiarities of other countries (for example, partner countries of the company where the future professional works).
- Communicative skills. Ability to establish contacts with other people, strong teamwork skills, understanding of the principles of work both with large teams and with individual specialists.
- Multifunctionality. Ability to work under high uncertainty and rapidly changing tasks. Ability to set priorities correctly, make decisions in conditions of lack of information, predict the situation.
- Creativity. Ability to create, developed aesthetic taste. In the future, specialists will also need skills of managing their own emotions, the ability to take care of their physical and psychological health. The increasing complexity of work tasks will require high concentration, so in-demand specialists will benefit from the ability to regulate stress and maintain efficiency.
Learning once as a specialist is no longer enough for the future, says Dmitry Sudakov: "The training system of yesterday said that after the educational cycle you start working, and education ends there. But now a person must constantly learn something extra to stay as relevant to the workplace as possible," he says.
Professions of the future are studied with the help of technological foresight of competencies. For this purpose experts from different spheres get together and talk about new technologies, tools and trends. Each industry is discussed separately. As a result, it is possible to predict when new specialists will be needed.
Some companies are able to retrain their own staff on their own, while others have to wait for the education system to adjust to the changes. On average, in the first five years of technology launch, the first specialists ready to work with it enter the market. Due to the shortage of such personnel at first they are ready to be offered high salaries and attractive conditions.
Professions do not always evolve according to the predictions of experts. As a rule, the emergence of new professions is associated with the emergence of technologies and tools that we do not yet know about. But even then independent HR-experts, whom we polled, differently estimated the real prospects of these professions.
For example, more than 70% of surveyed experts named such professions as 3D-printing engineer, bioengineer, renewable energy engineer, designer of "smart environment" as really promising.
But our experts did not agree with the prospects of such professions as migrant adaptation specialist, designer of wearable energy devices, urban farmer, urban planner, IT evangelist.
As a result, we identified the following promising professions for the next 10 years:
A specialist who studies and modifies the properties of a living organism (and develops new ones) with the application of engineering principles in biology and medicine to solve various medical problems and health care.
A specialist in the creation of new biologics - therapeutic agents that are derived from living biological systems, tissues of organisms, and biotechnology.
Researches and analyzes data in biology (including molecular) and pharmacology using computer programs to develop new programs for analyzing biological data.
4. Smart environment designer
An IT specialist who develops technologies that are capable of independently acquiring and transmitting the information necessary for their functioning, and of controlling, reconfiguring, and optimizing their own operation. For example, "smart homes" are able to independently service the automatics of which they are composed, turning on and off unnecessary equipment in time, making online orders for running out of food and household goods. It is believed that we are moving toward an era of "Industry 4.0," in which everything will be based on smart technology.
5. Cybersecurity Specialist
An IT specialist who creates, maintains and enhances specialized infrastructure, services to protect information systems and the digital environment from cyberattacks, data leakage, other cyberthreats, and cybercrime investigations.
6. Alternative Energy Specialist
Engaged in the search for and use of alternative, unconventional energy sources. Including a renewable energy engineer - that is, a specialist in creating and implementing systems that run on solar and wind energy.
His work is at the intersection of psychology and neuroscience. He studies the connection between the structure and functioning principles of the brain and mental processes and human behavior.
8. Programmer, developer (various profiles)
This profession has become in high demand even now, and with the digitalization of all aspects of human life and activities this trend is unlikely to change.
9. Engineer and designer of various profiles
The demand for these professionals is also noticeable right now. As in the case of programmers, many employers are actively seeking and attracting future employees from among prospective students.
10. 3D printing engineer
Specialist in three-dimensional design with the application of mathematical and creative abilities. In demand in a variety of fields, including architecture and construction, medicine, even clothing and footwear manufacturing.
11. Architect and Virtual Reality Designer
Conceives and creates conceptual solutions for the virtual world: philosophy, laws of nature and society, rules of social interaction and economy, landscape, architecture, sensation.
The professions of the future are exciting, but there are questions about the new occupations: "Not all students are well versed in the nuances of specific professions. For example, they know about the operator of an unmanned aerial vehicle. But they have a vague idea about its work", says the head of the vocational guidance department of the Humanitarian Technologies Center.
To be in demand, look through the vacancies, follow the demand in the sphere you are interested in.
Introduction of new professions takes time, so it is too early to talk about high demand for individual specialists: "We are not talking about mass demand for cosmoengineers. Even vacancies for nanotechnologists are still lacking. Although since the 2010s we have been hearing about the importance of developing this field. For almost ten years a trend has not been formed here yet. Mass introduction of future professions may not happen soon. Besides, in the beginning not so many specialists with non-standard competences are required".
The main thing to be prepared for is that a diploma from a good university and a successful education nowadays do not guarantee that you will work in the same profession your whole life. In addition to changes in the labor market, your interests may also change.
So be prepared to change vectors, to gain new knowledge throughout your life and to look for the best use of your knowledge. It is important to understand what you are really interested in, what you can do and where you want to go professionally.
Then it will be interesting for you to constantly learn and develop the skills which the changing market demands. Try something new, study the market, take an interest in modern technologies and professions. This way you will have enough knowledge and skills to make an informed choice.