In the United States, IT professions began to gain popularity in the 1980s. Analysts now recognize that IT is the most promising and fastest growing industry. Every year there are new directions and trends that require new specialists.
Let's look at 9 popular IT areas in which you might want to work:
A system or IT administrator is one of the earliest professions to emerge in information technology.
These IT professionals make sure that all the computer equipment and software in the office work smoothly. Sometimes they also deal with information security. In general, if someone in the office something breaks and hangs - call the system administrator. If, in turn, you went to a dangerous site or opened a suspicious email - the IT guy will come to you, explain the risks and identify the source of danger.
Anywhere that has more than one person working on computers or laptops. Everyone needs system administrators: libraries, banks, private enterprises, and state corporations.
These guys are involved in developing and maintaining websites. That is, if an organization or individual wants to have its own website, it is necessary to have a webmaster. Customers may need a whole team of developers for a wide range of website functionality, small cases can be handled alone.
Such IT specialist must develop the structure and logic of the site, for this in some cases he may need knowledge of programming languages and graphic editors.
Maintaining existing sites is needed in all large organizations. In this case, the writing of the site from scratch, turnkey is usually a project work, which is paid once, when the site is delivered. In both cases, you can work remotely wherever there is good Internet.
The database administrator is responsible for the operation and security of the database.
Specifically, this IT professional often develops the requirements for the database himself, designs it himself, and is then responsible for the effective use and maintenance of the database. In addition, the administrator manages user accounts and protects them from unauthorized access.It is desirable to have a good level of technical English.
There are databases in all large organizations, from chain stores to banks and government agencies.
This is an IT professional who develops software for video games. A game developer can work independently and take on all tasks, or he can work for a large specialized company with a division of responsibilities among employees.
A video game developer has a lot to learn, especially if he is involved in both creating the game's programming code, visualization, and design himself. He needs to refresh his knowledge all the time, because the game industry doesn't stand still.
You can work in companies that develop popular games, or you can develop simple browser and mobile games on your own.
A specialist QA Analyst is engaged in testing a component or system.
It is the responsibility of this >IT specialist to look for likely errors and failures in the functioning of a product or program. The tester creates models of various situations that may arise during the use of the subject of testing, so that developers can fix the detected errors. He or she comes up with the testing scenario himself or herself and carries it out himself or herself.
You can work in the technical departments of large corporations and banks, as well as in IT companies that do project work.
An IT usability specialist is also called a UX designer or a usability engineer. His main task is to make the product or program understandable and user-friendly.
UX (User eXperience) experts have to bring the product to the mind and make it as user-friendly and easy to use as possible. The expert should conduct a qualitative analysis of the final result of the programmers and product developers. They need to find out whether the product meets the customer's expectations and how intuitive consumers can use it.
The UI (User Interface) specialist is responsible for what the interface will look like and how it will react to user actions. This person draws buttons, icons, forms, selects fonts and makes everything look harmonious and beautiful.
The line between the two <>IT specialists is very thin, it is often easier for companies to find an expert who can combine the two areas.
There are special companies and even groups of companies that are engaged in the development and validation of interface design, but vacancies for usability specialists are also at the leading trading houses, and real estate agencies.
They are also called software analysts. They organize and plan the work of programmers to make it easier and more efficient.
The analyst is responsible for choosing a development methodology, creating or selecting frameworks, and is the one who decides when to use off-the-shelf software code and when to engage in self-development. In addition, he writes the description and other documents for the future software product and plans the development terms.
Roughly speaking, the IT analyst represents the interests of the company's programmers to the customer.
Systems analysts are in high demand. They are needed in large corporations and small IT-bureaus, and each organization puts forward its own package of requirements, and the specialist must constantly evolve and learn how the profession develops.
As the name of this IT professional implies, the architect is involved in designing the architecture of software; he or she makes major decisions about the internals of the software system and its technical interfaces.
The software architect develops technical scenarios of interaction of program components, defines protocols of interaction of its components, breaks the program into technical subsystems, in general, deals with quite specific tasks understandable only to specialists in the field of information technology.
Basically, these are large IT-companies that are engaged in the development and sale of software.
SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization, which means search engine optimization, and SEO specialist is a person who is engaged in the promotion of sites in search engines.
Perform internal and external website optimization to increase the position of the site in the list of pages found by search engines for specific user queries, increase the number of conversions from search engines, and increase the growth of profitability of client sites.
Web site optimizers are needed by everyone, from small private offices to large organizations solving serious problems.
Choose what's closest to you and chew on the granite of IT science.