Profession Frontend Developer: skills, role, pros, cons

Profession Frontend Developer: skills, role, pros, cons

A frontend developer is a specialist who writes code for the client side of web applications.

In simple terms, it is his responsibility to create everything that the user sees in the browser window: a well-designed website, an image gallery, a filter for selecting products and sorting them, etc. Frontend programming involves knowledge of a large number of web technologies.

The profession of a frontend developer is highly demanded in the market and highly paid. Remarkably, this kind of activity will appeal to people with a creative mindset, who, at the same time, are interested in design and programming.

Job Responsibilities of a Frontend Developer

This specialist receives from the designer a list of layouts for the future web resource / Internet service and, based on them, develops the client part:

  • Makes the layout of the design, i.e. based on the received layouts, makes page templates for the site being developed using CSS and HTML.
  • Works on setting up buttons, sliders, forms, as well as galleries and other functionality that is supposed to be placed on the site. For this purpose, the front-end developer uses ready-made scripts from ready-made sets or makes his own.
  • Performs inspection and testing.
  • Advises on the implementation of certain functionality of the site.
  • Can often optimize scripts to make web pages load faster.

If the layout designer only typesets layouts and is professionally proficient in CSS + HTML, the front-end programs interactive elements on pages, knows JavaScript and many other technologies professionally.

Advantages and disadvantages of being a frontend developer:


  1. Demand in the market.
  2. Access to international companies and, accordingly, projects.
  3. High salaries for experienced developers.


  1. The need for continuous development and development of new technologies to continue working on projects.
  2. Difficult job search for newcomers (most often, employers prefer to work with experienced employees).
  3. To be in demand, you need to own a wide stack of technologies.

Required Frontend Developer Skills

The following seven steps make up a universal algorithm for becoming a front-end programmer from scratch, and a list of knowledge necessary to enter the profession is also given.

  1. Learn the relationship between HTML (Hypertext Markup Language for Web Pages) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). They are responsible for how various elements will look on the page (the same buttons or fonts).
  2. Learn the main programming language JavaScript (minimum for a frontend programmer). Various libraries of ready-made scripts (programs) are written on it. It is highly recommended to study them in order to successfully use and do your job faster (one of these libraries is the well-known jQuery).
  3. Know how to work with frameworks (for example, the well-known Bootstrap). A framework is a set of ready-made solutions based on which you can develop websites faster than if you create code from scratch.
  4. Be proficient in cross-browser layout and master the creation of pages that will display and function equally effectively in different browsers.
  5. Know the principles of responsive design, i.e. one that "stretches" or "shrinks" to the desired resolutions. This way you can ensure that the site will be adequately displayed on different devices (desktop computer, laptop, tablet and smartphone).
  6. As an additional skill, knowledge of server programming languages, at least at the initial level, is quite suitable (the most popular programming language here is PHP).
  7. Learn how Git works and how to work effectively with version control systems.

Where to go to work as a frontend developer

  1. For beginners, it is best to go to an IT company for an internship to gain experience.
  2. To get a good practical background, you need to work in a team.
  3. Experienced professionals are encouraged to work either in the office or as remote employees.
  4. Those who perform one-time tasks or consider the front-end as a part-time job need to register and take on some projects on freelance exchanges (presented above).
  5. Turn to specialized websites or look for vacancies.